Rugby Schottland News - Schottland
Informationen zu Rugby in Schottland, von den 6 Nations und den schnellen & wilden Sevens Turnieren bis zu den Teams der Profi-Liga. Rugby Union ist eine beliebte Sportart in Schottland. Die schottische Nationalmannschaft war Gegner Englands im ersten Länderspiel der Geschichte des. Die schottische Rugby-Union-Nationalmannschaft ist die offizielle schottische Nationalmannschaft im Rugby Union und repräsentiert das Land bei allen. Schottland (Rugby) - Ergebnisse hier findest Du alle Termine und Ergebnisse zu diesem Team. Scotland vorheriges Spiel war gegen Wales in Six Nations, Endstand undefined - undefined. Scotland Registerkarte zeigt die letzten Rugby Begegnungen mit.
These reports described it as "an amazing new discovery" but has actually been well documented in football history literature since the early 20th century and available on the internet since at least The world's oldest continual rugby fixture was first played in between Merchiston Castle School and the former pupils of The Edinburgh Academy.
Scotland was responsible for organising the very first rugby international when a side representing England met the Scottish national side on the cricket field of the Edinburgh Academy at their Raeburn Place ground on 27 March ; Scotland won by one goal.
England refused to join until Since that time, Scotland have been regular winners of the Calcutta Cup , the five nations championship discontinued , and have been participants of having never actually won the Six Nations Championship , and every Rugby World Cup.
Scotland has played a seminal role in the development of rugby, notably in rugby sevens , which were initially conceived by Ned Haig , a butcher from Melrose as a fundraising event for his local club in The first ever officially sanctioned international tournament of rugby occurred at Murrayfield as part of the "Scottish Rugby Union's celebration of rugby" centenary celebrations in Due to the success of the format, the ongoing Hong Kong Sevens was launched three years later.
Historically rugby union was an amateur sport, but the dawn of professionalism changed the way in which the game was structured. The game is divided into professional and non-professional spheres.
Previously there had been a domestic league that covered the country, the top division of which was essentially the elite of club rugby in Scotland.
This league was established in the early s to replace the complicated "unofficial championship" that had been competed for previously.
Starting in the —74 season, the clubs were organised into a league of six divisions - what today comprises the Scottish Premiership and National League elements of the League Championship.
Originally, below the six divisions but not connected by promotion or relegation were a series of District Leagues, covering smaller geographical areas, organised by District Unions and sometimes involving second XVs.
Over a period of time, these District divisions have been reformed and integrated into the Scottish rugby union system meaning that today, only four clubs don't have their first XVs in the interconnected league structure.
This league contains Scottish rugby union's traditional big name clubs, such as Melrose and Hawick , as well as major city clubs such as Boroughmuir , Heriots and Watsonians from Edinburgh, and Glasgow Hawks who were formed from an amalgamation of clubs in the s.
Traditionally, rugby clubs were often formed by universities, ex-pupils of independent schools and large state schools , and many clubs names still to this day include abbreviations such as:.
However, with the introduction of the league system in the s and the resulting increase in competitiveness and standard of play, most of these clubs have had to loosen their participation criteria to include non ex-pupils.
In most cases though the clubs squads do still comprise a large proportion of individuals with connections to the schools.
Often the clubs will be part-financed, and their grounds maintained or even owned, by the schools themselves. Scotland is also home to the oldest organised rugby union league in the world, [ citation needed ] the Border League , which was formed in The Border League does not take part in the pyramid structure of the National League, but all its clubs participate in it and thus the Border League is now effectively a supplementary competition.
Two small 'independent' leagues remain outside the system, the Highland Alliance League and the Grampian Alliance League but they have only four clubs between them the remaining membership being second XVs of clubs in the League Championship and are not likely to remain in existence for much longer.
Aside from the schools, the other 'traditional powerhouse' of rugby in Scotland was the universities, and to this day the Scottish universities have their own league system independent of the BUCS system which covers the rest of Great Britain.
However, the BUCS Scottish Conference comprises divisions of four or five teams, and therefore not many fixtures each season, so unofficial Saturday University Leagues are organised somewhat informally between the universities.
As well as having their own leagues the universities often compete in the SRU league structure and cup competitions to a high standard, most notably in —08 Aberdeen University became the first university side to make the SHE SRU finals day winning the Plate competition.
The significance of the universities to the history of the SRU is evident when it is noted that four of the oldest 17 SRU affiliated clubs are university teams.
Due to the social and amateur nature of the game, most clubs try to run as many teams as possible so that all their players get games on most weekends, and therefore a large system of what are effectively reserve leagues operate.
When professionalism was introduced into rugby union in the s, and the Heineken Cup created for clubs across Europe, the SRU decided that the existing clubs operating in the Scottish leagues were not competitive enough.
They were predominantly amateur, or at best paid small wages; they had low supports and small old-fashioned venues; and the quality of their play was, by the nature of these factors, comparatively low versus new professional clubs, provinces and regions in other countries.
As a rule their players trained only two nights a week. Scotland has the oldest District provincial rugby sides in the world.
The Glasgow - Edinburgh district derby was first played in , hence the Cup played today. The District sides traditionally drew together the best amateur players from clubs in a given area; and the Scottish Inter-District Championship was founded in There were four standard districts — Glasgow District ; Edinburgh District ; North and Midlands ; and South — they occasionally competed with an Anglo-Scots or Exile side as a fifth district in the Championship.
The SRU decided to turn these standard Districts into four professional teams based roughly on the old districts: the Border Reivers based in Galashiels with occasional matches elsewhere , the Caledonia Reds based in Aberdeen and Perth, Edinburgh and Glasgow.
The aim of creating these 'pro-teams' or 'super-teams' was ensure that Scotland had fairly competitive sides operating in the European competitions, the Heineken Cup and European Challenge Cup as well as the European Shield during its short existence , and to drive up standards of rugby in the country including developing players for the national side.
Initially the 'pro-teams' were still competing in the Scottish Inter-District Championship , but a Welsh-Scottish League later developed, and from that development came the Celtic League with Ireland's introduction and for a time there was also a cup competition, the Celtic Cup.
The four professional teams struggled in European competition and were a heavy financial burden for the union and for the formation of the Celtic League they were amalgamated into Edinburgh Reivers and Glasgow Caledonian Reds playing in Edinburgh and Glasgow respectively, and later renamed simply Edinburgh and Glasgow]].
At the time of this last change the other two sides were renamed Edinburgh Gunners and Glasgow Warriors. However, even with the running costs of two instead of three teams, the SRU were still struggling.
Many attempts were made to find private backers for Glasgow or the Borders although the only investors interested in the latter wanted to move it to Falkirk, Stirling or Aberdeen but in the end neither of the teams could be sold.
The SRU defaulted in a number of payments of competition prize money to ERC, requiring the consortium to invest their own additional funds, and the SRU refused to share bar takings from Edinburgh Rugby matches at Murrayfield with ERC - at the same time, the SRU was unhappy about the signing policy and the unavailability of players for international team training.
Following a bitter dispute in the press and media during , in which legal action was started, and for a time Edinburgh Rugby was banned from participating in matches, the SRU agreed to buy back Edinburgh Rugby from Alex Carruthers.
This caused much unrest in the Scottish Borders, as their team had been wound up only months before, when the SRU insisted it couldn't finance two pro-teams on its own.
From — Scotland was guaranteed one place in the Champions Cup, awarded to the Scottish team that finished higher in the previous Pro12 season.
The other Scottish team could qualify for the Champions Cup if it was one of the three Pro12 clubs with the best record, outside of the top team from each Pro12 nation Ireland, Italy, Scotland, Wales.
Additionally, starting in —16, the second Scottish team could potentially qualify through a play-off involving another Pro12 side and one each from the English Premiership and France's Top Otherwise, that team will participate in the Challenge Cup.
With Pro12 adding two South African teams in —18, leading to that competition adopting its current name of Pro14, the qualification system for the Champions Cup was changed.
Effective with the —18 Pro14 season, the top three teams from each of Pro14's two conferences, excluding the South African sides, automatically qualify for the following season's Champions Cup.
The previous requirement that each Celtic nation and Italy be represented in the Champions Cup was eliminated. A seventh place in the Champions Cup is awarded to the winner of a play-off between the next best-placed eligible team again excluding South African sides from each conference.
As in the past, any Scottish side that does not qualify for the Champions Cup receives a place in the Challenge Cup.
MLR launched in with seven teams, all U. Rugby union is one of the national sport in Scotland. It is most popular in the Borders region where it is played widely, although even here ground is being lost to football, with professionalism and migration contributing to the challenges facing the game.
Whilst attendances at club matches in Scotland are fairly poor, the national team draws a sizeable crowd to Murrayfield for Six Nations matches.
Some traditionalists claim that in recent years the national rugby union team has become a focal point for football-type sporting nationalism.
Aside from Murrayfield, there are few major rugby stadiums in Scotland. Many clubs in the Scottish Borders have grandstands and city sides in Edinburgh and Glasgow also have seated, covered stands.
According to the International Rugby Board as of September , Scotland has rugby union clubs; referees; 7, pre-teen male players; 13, teen male players; 10, senior male players total male players 31, as well as 1, total female players.
Rugby union is particularly popular in the Borders region. Buying tickets Buy match tickets, multi-game packages, season passes and hospitality packages for Scotland, Glasgow Warriors, Edinburgh Rugby and any other Scottish Rugby events.
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